Diferencias de sexo en la práctica anestésica general

  • William Gutiérrez 1 Médico especialista en Anestesiología y Reanimación, Cuidado Intensivo. 2 Departamento de Anestesiología y Reanimación Fundación Salud Bosque, Bogotá D.C, Colombia. Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos adultos Centro Policlínico del Olaya, Bogotá D.C
  • Sergio E Gutiérrez 3 Estudiante de Medicina, Universidad Militar Nueva Granada, Bogotá D.C, Colombia.


El reconocimiento de las diferencias fisiológicas y morfológicas es de suma importancia en la práctica anestésica. Factores hormonales son fundamentales en la desigualdad entre ambos sexos. El ciclo menstrual de la mujer modifica los niveles hormonales de progestágenos y testosterona, teniendo un efecto considerable a nivel sistémico y local. Hechos como la depuración más rápida de algunos anestésicos IV por parte de la mujer hace que recobre la conciencia más rápido que el hombre, a pesar de ello la mujer sufre consecuencias postoperatorias más severas (...)


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